The time lag of transportation has long been one of the obstacles to building efficient cities, and mankind’s explorations to solve this issue have been many. Trains, buses, subways and monorails are just a few of the many ways engineers have tried to shorten the daily commute. It might not...

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The International Space Station continues to orbit the Earth and provide living and work space for a small number of astronauts, but it was not the first habitat to be built for orbit. Mir and Skylab were the first two space habitats to be constructed. Like the ISS, both were...

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Many ancient civilizations were dependent on rivers as their main transportation conduit. Even today, jungles in countries such as Thailand use this method for easy transport. Roman roads were one of the marvels of the ancient world. The Roman habit of building roads in any landscape provided them with the...

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The world is full of laws, regulations and inspectors to ensure they are being followed, and the construction industry has its fair share. Many modern building projects require several inspections before completion. If any part of the job does not fall in line with local building codes, the inspector will...

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Civilization depends upon more than groups of people living close to abundant resources. They must have food, water and the ability to access these necessities of life. Living in caves may keep the rain off, but it does little to provide people with easy access to the rest of the world. Paths and game trails were just the beginning of man's road to civilization. Building homes, gardens and work areas gave ancient men a way to construct entire communities to fit all of their needs.

There have been many improvements in construction over the centuries. Some of these include the ability to plan and design buildings, roads and communities. New building materials provide stronger support for designs that were impossible just a century ago. While all of these have taken construction out of the Stone Age, basic building techniques would still be recognized by many ancient craftsmen.